社会黑暗与光明

美国的灾难

接下来半年一年,大概整个美国经济都要塌没了。除了特别穷的国家以外,美国大概会是应对病毒最艰难的国家。主要是因为,美国的社会福利实在太糟糕了。

我看好多纽约时报文章下的评论,美国人都提到,很多人没有带薪病假,而且看医生做检查的费用不是一般家庭可以承担的。更糟糕的是,美国并没有什么存款文化,正相反,绝大多数人都背着一屁股的债,属于没钱也必须刷信用卡花钱的国家。

40% 的美国人甚至『掏不出 $400 来应急』,更别说停工三六个星期了;而且急诊跟重症监护在美国可是天价,真来这么一出,那真是活下来都要活不下去了:

We’ve heard that most Americans can’t afford a $400 surprise bill. What do you think will happen when they are forced to stay home for 2 weeks? What if you’re exposed multiple times – do you get quarantined each time? How many folk will pay a doctor bill to get checked. Or afford to go to a hospital bill if it’s worse? And if they have kids – what to do when school is cancelled? Or if you work for a venue whose events have been canceled? There are people who could reasonably expect to have multiple days off – with no pay – through no choice of their own. Who’s going to pay the bills? 我们都听说了,大多数美国人连 $400 都掏不出来应急。你觉得他们被强制关在家里两个星期会怎样?多少人会付钱去医生那里做检查?或者情况恶化的话,付钱去医院看病?如果他们有小孩,学校停课的话,他们怎该么办?谁来付账单?

I’ve heard nothing from our leaders to address these issues. 我们的政治家对于这些问题倒是只字未提。

Reb, Long Island, NY

It’s laughable when public health officials tell people to stay home when they are sick and to visit a doctor. Who is paying for medical care? People don’t have sick leave and they don’t have medical care. 公共卫生部门叮嘱我们说,如果我们生病的话,得待在家里,而且得去看医生——这是来搞笑的吗——谁来付医疗账单?人们既没有病假,也没有医保。

cb77, NC

而且,不只公司是病毒传播黄金地,学校更是:

As a former school RN, I had a number of parents in our school beg me not to send their child home despite vomiting or a fever because they were terrified that they would be fired or penalized if they took a “sick day” for their child. Or they gave the child Tylenol and then expected a call from the RN when the child’s temperature rose after 4 hours. We have no hope of containment under these circumstances. 作为前学校医护人员,很多学生的家长都拜托我,就算小孩发烧呕吐都不要勒令让他们回家,因为他们害怕,如果自己得请病假照顾小孩的话,会被开除或者惩罚。举国这种情况下,我们的病毒防治根本毫无希望。

BBurd, Big Flats, NY

这个评论下全是局内人的确认:

Former school nurse here also agreeing with all this. 我也是前学校医护人员,以上情况完全属实。

marian, san Antonio tx

I was a teacher in a Title I school for over twenty years and saw this every single year. No wonder schools are no better than Petri dishes this time of year. 我曾于一所一流学校任职老师超过二十年,这样的情况每年都会发生。每年这时候学校简直就是病毒聚集地,毫不奇怪。

Kirsten, Texas

因为这个,我对美国的检测数据也持怀疑态度——之前看到有人说,被政府强制按去检测病毒,然后收到几千刀的医疗账单——到底有多少人,在有病状的时候,敢冒着破产或者被开除的风险请无薪假,敢花钱去医院检查呢?

再加上美国对于自由的重视、对政府权力的极端敏感,到真需要政府下禁令的时候,民众真的会遵守吗?怕是就算想遵守,也没钱遵守啊。

一个意大利女生发推特说:

Please, please guys. Here in northern #Italy we made one big mistake. Everybody kept saying “It’s just flu” and now our intensive care units are collapsing. Everybody kept going outside like nothing happened and now our grandparents and parents are dying. #coronavirus is not #flu

@labisbeticah, Mar 9, 2020

但是『只是流感而已』依然是当前大部分美国人的态度。今天公司同事发了一个很有意思的图,解释为什么防御措施是有必要的:

“Everyone’s job is to help FLATTEN THE CURVE.”

按照这个曲线,我对于美国能控制疾病数在医疗系统承受下完全没信心。而美国贫富差距巨大,中产阶级和穷人毕竟还是绝大多数,是被割的韭菜,也是社会的基石。如果这些人都倒下了,美国的经济会是什么样?

如果在这一切都尘埃落定后,美国终于能改革出更好的社会福利,大概也算是坏事中的好事吧!但我对此并不抱很大的希望。:(

Mar.15.Sun 更新

这两天美国出台的政策包括:

  • 联邦政府降息至接近免息:先不说这种狗急跳墙的刺激法根本就已经是瞎霍霍,就算奇迹发生真的有用,政府意思是股市上涨病毒就停止传播了?有因果关系的大概只有『经济形势』跟『连任可能』吧,至于民众怎样,谁在乎啊。
  • 规定不给从欧洲进人,回国的美国人必须从规定几个机场进入:导致这些机场十几个小时的携带群体大量聚集;而从这么几个机场进入也并没有什么实际措施,只是问你有没有觉得不适而已。
  • 两周带薪假:两周够谁生病用?而且还不是所有公司,只有 50 – 500人的公司,因为大公司当然不需要,而小公司承担不起员工不来上班。
  • 保险公司承担新冠病毒测试费用:但是是否真的承担还是看保险公司,因为,政府并没有权力要求私营保险承担任意某项医疗费用,而就算有医保的人百分之六十买的都是私营医保。而且测试平均几千刀,虽然贵,跟真的生病需要住院比起来根本就是毛毛雨,可没人说治病的钱也报销啊。再者,病毒测试依然是龟速,最新几天一天只能测两千人左右,而这两天测试结果阳性平均在六百上下。
  • 而 Trump 在被问到美国测试这么慢他是否应当承担责任的时候答曰:『不,这个责任我一点都不背』——NBC News’ Kristin Welker asked the president if he is to blame for the lag in testing. “No, I don’t take responsibility at all,” he responded before quickly moving to his tried and true strategy: blame Obama.

真是没救了。

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